Factors Affecting Rupture Perineum on Mother Maternity at District Health Clinics Kramat Jati, East Jakarta in Januari to May 2013

Factors Affecting Rupture Perineum on Mother Maternity at District Health Clinics

  • Royani Chairiyah health journal Stikes PHI
  • Warsiningsih Warsiningsih health journal Stikes PHI
Keywords: Mother Maternity, Rupture Perineum

Abstract

Rips the birth canal is the second leading cause after an atonic and often occurs in primiparous due to
the time of delivery do not get a strong grip, causing a tear in the perineum (South Bone, 2012). The data
District Health Clinics Kramat Jati, East Jakarta, normal delivery in 2011 as many as 559 people found the case
of rupture of the perineum as many as 430 people (60%), while in 2012 as many as 538 people a normal delivery
with perineal rupture as much as 373 people (69%). The incidence of rupture of the perineum in PHC Kramat
Jati, East Jakarta increasing the period of January to May 2013, 179 people with the amount of maternity
perineal rupture 138 people (77%), rupture of the perineum grade I-II 87% and grade III-IV 13%. The purpose
of this study to determine the factors that affect the incidence of maternal perineal rupture in Kramat Jati
Jakarta District Health Clinics east period from January to May 2013. This study uses an analytical method
premises number of respondents 138 people. The results of the research that the frequency distribution of
rupture of the perineum by 138 people (77%), there was no significant association between maternal age on the
incidence of rupture of the perineum, the value of P value is 0.692 or ≥ 0.05, there is a significant relationship
between the baby's weight on the incidence of rupture of the perineum , with the value of the P value is 0.000 or
≤ 0.05, there is a significant relationship between the parity of the incidence of rupture of the perineum, the
value of the P value is 0.033 or ≤ 0.05. From the results of research based on three variables in this study is the
variable weight infants 2500-4000 grams of the rupture of the perineum Grade I-II as many as 118 infants
(93.7%). Suggestions for health centers are expected to increase efforts to prevent rupture of the perineum by

providing counseling on maternal how meneran right to prevent rupture of the perineum and motivate pregnant
women to pregnancy exercise and massage the perineum to reduce the incidence of rupture of the perineum.
Keywords: Mother Maternity, Rupture Perineum

Published
2015-01-03
How to Cite
Chairiyah, R., & Warsiningsih, W. (2015). Factors Affecting Rupture Perineum on Mother Maternity at District Health Clinics Kramat Jati, East Jakarta in Januari to May 2013. Jurnal Persada Husada Indonesia, 2(4), 79 - 87. Retrieved from https://jurnal.stikesphi.ac.id/index.php/Kesehatan/article/view/59