Relationship Between Economic and Demographic Characteristics Against Happiness Status of Jakarta Population in 2012

Elwindra, Alfatihah Reno Maulani

  • Alfatihah Reno Maulani STIKes Persada Husada Indonesia
  • Elwindra Elwindra STIKes Persada Husada Indonesia
Keywords: Happiness, The Measure of Happiness, Happiness Research

Abstract

The study of happiness has been widely applied as an indicatorofwelfare. In 2007, Bhutan became the
first country to measure Gross National Happiness Index. Furthermore, there were some international
organizations that try to measure this index in several countries to learnabout the comparability, for example, The New Economics Foundation with The Happy Planet Index (HPI), The Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development (OECD) with Your Better Life Index (YBLI), and the Legatum Institute with
Prosperity Index (PI). Statistics Indonesia (BPS) conducted a national survey to measurelevel of Happiness in
2013. Previously, preliminary survey was conducted in Jakarta in 2012. This study uses secondary data from the National Socioeconomic Survey (SUSENAS) Jakarta Year 2012 with atotal of 1,198 respondents. Chi square
analysis was used to identify if there are difference in Economic and Demographic Characteristics (place of
origin, gender, age group, educational background, marital status, number of household members, and monthly average household expenditure) to the status of individual happiness (variable with 4 Likert scale, in the range 1 (Not Happy) to 4 (Very Happy). The results showed a tendency of higher happinessin the population of Kabupaten Kepualauan Seribu, female, in the age group of 17-24 years old, highly educated, married, a large number of household members, and have high average household expenditure per month.

Published
2014-10-03
How to Cite
Maulani, A., & Elwindra, E. (2014). Relationship Between Economic and Demographic Characteristics Against Happiness Status of Jakarta Population in 2012. Jurnal Persada Husada Indonesia, 1(3), 50-58. Retrieved from https://jurnal.stikesphi.ac.id/index.php/Kesehatan/article/view/50

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